Method: Video, Photo, Sound, Code.

Glitch                                             Pixel sort
DataMosh                                      Chromatic Aberration
Xerox                                             Pixelate

Related post: History of information behind an Image


Glitch History:

Glitch art is in many ways rooted in the neo-dada movement of the 1950s and 60s that John Cage initiated (the first true historical precedent of glitch art would probably be Marcel Duchamp). Cage was a pioneer of chance operations and indeterminacy in music, which directly relates to [circuit/data]bending and moshing for aesthetic outputs (deleting characters of an image when bent into a word file is, in most cases, a random process).

Master Artist: John Cage, Nam June Paik.

Cage was one of the first artists to modify audio instruments for experimental artistic purposes, such as his modified piano series of works.

John Cage obstructing the functionality of a piano for his Prepared Piano works which began in 1938(Left).

Magnet TV, 1964-1965, Modified black-and-white television set and magnet, Whitney Museum of American Art – Nam June Paik (Right).

Artist from 70’s: Dan Sandin, Phil Morton.

Dan Sandin has taught at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) since the 1970s. During this time Dan Sandin created the Sandin Image Processor, an early video synthesizer. Phil Morton taught in the video department (which founded, the first in the country of its kind) at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in the 1970s.

Dan Sandin with the Sandin Image Processor.(Left)

Phil Morton with the Sandin Image Processor.(Right)

Recent Story (1990-present):

Joan Heemskerk & Dirk Paesmans:

Started making web-based and software-based glitch artworks in the mid-1990s.

Aesthetical theory:

Imperfection creates uniqueness out of diversity. By changing the paradigm, that which standardisation views as an error, to the free thinker becomes the unexpected source of a new beauty.

– Gaetano Pesce, Italian sculptor, designer and architect.

In the days of information, What happens when some data or information is missing in the world what we see or we believe or think as truth.

Technical precess:

The word GLITCH means – a defect or malfunction in a machine or interruption in data or signal pass; A minor malfunction, mishap, or technical problem.

প্রতিটি digital image তৈরি হয় কতগুলো data অথবা signal দ্বারা। যখন এই data অথবা signal pass-এ interruption ঘটে তখন image তার স্বাভাবিক রূপ হারায়, ভিন্ন রূপে হাজির হয় । এই ভিন্ন রূপ নিজেই একটি uniqueness তৈরি করে । এটাকেই Glitch Art বলা জেতে পারে। ৭০-এর দশক থেকে এই ফর্ম এ কাজ হয়ে আসছে। 

Each and every digital image visually constructed on data or signal. When interrupt in constant data pass the image is broke.

Experiment -01.1 : old master painting.

Experiment -01.2

Pixel Sort: 

Pixel sorting is a visual effect created by applying taking the rows, columns, or other set of pixels in an image and ordering them according to some value of those pixels, like how much red is in each pixel, their luminosity, hue, etc. It tends to create really cool visual effects, and it’s mostly just for fun and artistic purposes.

Experiment – 01.1

Imperfection creates uniqueness out of diversity. By changing the paradigm, that which standardisation views as an error, to the free thinker becomes the unexpected source of a new beauty.

– Gaetano Pesce.
Italian Sculptor, Designer and Architect.

Experiment – 01.2

Chromatic Aberration

In optics, chromatic aberration (CA, also called chromatic distortion, and spherochromatism) is an effect resulting from dispersion in which there is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point.[1] It occurs because lenses have different refractive indices for different wavelengths of light. The refractive index of transparent materials decreases with increasing wavelength in degrees unique to each.


Chromatic aberration manifests itself as “fringes” of color along boundaries that separate dark and bright parts of the image, because each color in the optical spectrum cannot be focused at a single common point. Since the focal length f of a lens is dependent on the refractive index n, different wavelengths of light will be focused on different positions.